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Title: Relationship between idiopathic scoliosis of the spine and dentognathic anomalies in adolescents.
Authors: Костенко, Євген Якович
Мельник, Володимир Семенович
Горзов, Людмила Федорівна
Потапчук, Анатолій Мефодійович
Keywords: age group 12-15 years, dentognathic anomalies, scoliosis, spine, bite
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: Wiadomości Lekarskie
Citation: Kostenko YY, Melnyk VS, Horzov LF, Potapchuk AM. Relationship between idiopathic scoliosis of the spine and dentognathic anomalies in adolescents. Wiadomości Lekarskie. - 2019;72(11 cz 1):2117-2120.
Abstract: Introduction: According to the data of the national statistics, the disease of the musculoskeletal system among the teenagers takes the third place among the main types of diseases. So, we decided to analyze and study the connection between the idiopathic scoliosis of the spine and dentognathic anomalies in children aged 12-15 years old in Uzhhorod (Ukraine). The aim: To determine the characteristic violations of the dentognathic system in adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis of the spine, taking into account the anatomical type of lesion. Materials and methods: 225 people were examined, including 190 girls and 35 boys. All patients were under the control of an orthopedic physician. Results: The most common type of scoliosis is found to be thoracolumbar, which is noted in 114 patients. As a result of analysis it was found that the most characteristic disorders of the dentognathic system in patients with thoracolumbar scoliosis were distal bite (80 ± 2.0%), sagittal gap (37.5 ± 2.1%), deep bite (22.5 ± 2.3%). In the group of healthy children, without scoliosis, the prevalence of dentognathic anomalies is 2.6 times lower than in patients with idiopathic adolescent scoliosis. Conclusions: Regardless of the localization of deformation in the spine under scoliosis, all the groups of patients are characterized by the following signs: sagittal gap, shortening of the upper dentition, distal bite, crowding of the teeth on the lower jaw.
Type: Text
Publication type: Стаття
Appears in Collections:Наукові публікації кафедри дитячої стоматології

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