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Title: Савчин М.В. 2013, Конституціоналізм і природа конституції: теорія і практика реалізації. Автореф. дис... доктора юридичних наук за спеціальністю 12.00.02 – конституційне право; муніципальне право. Національна академія внутрішніх справ, Київ.
Other Titles: Savchyn M.V. 2013, Constitutionalism and а nature of constitution: theory and practice of realization.Thesis for obtaining a scientific degree of Doctor of the Sciences (Law) on the specialty 12.00.02 – constitutional law; municipal law. National Academy of Interior Affaires, Kyiv.
Authors: Савчин, Михайло Васильович
Keywords: верховенство права, конституційна традиція, конституціоналізм, конституція, механізм чинності конституції, природа конституції
Issue Date: 2013
Citation: Савчин М.В. 2013, Конституціоналізм і природа конституції: теорія і практика реалізації. Автореф. дис... доктора юридичних наук за спеціальністю 12.00.02 – конституційне право; муніципальне право. Національна академія внутрішніх справ, Київ.
Abstract: Робота присвячена дослідженню теорії і практиці реалізації конституції у контексті доктрини конституціоналізму. Запропоновано авторську концепцію бачення конституціоналізму як комплексного правового явища, з якого виводиться природа конституції у конкретному типі суспільства. Розкрито природу, структуру і дано типологію конституціоналізму, зокрема його впливу на трансформацію звичаєво-релігійних правових систем та на явище глобалізації в праві. Висвітлено сутність конституційних цінностей як результату суспільного консенсусу щодо конституційного захисту певних соціальних благ, які зумовлюють зміст і структуру конституційних принципів і норм, логіку і напрям розвитку конституційних явищ і процесів. Наведено триланкову структуру конституційних цінностей: універсальних, атрибутивних та інституційних. Дано їх аналіз через призму конституційної доктрини, юриспруденції і законодавства. 45 Розкрито природу конституції через призму її юридичної сили у національній правовій системі, яка визначає загальні параметри розвитку публічного і приватного права, володіє горизонтальним ефектом у приватному і соціальному праві, забезпечує конституціоналізацію міжнародного права та легітимацію передачі частини суверенних повноважень держави на супранаціональний рівень публічної влади. Визначено механізм чинності конституції як систему правових засобів установчої влади, її реалізації, тлумачення та правового захисту.
Description: Dissertation is devoted research of constitutionalism and nature of constitution as the legal phenomenon. Author conception of seeing of constitutionalism is offered as the complex legal phenomenon from which nature of constitution hatches in the concrete type of society. Nature is exposed, structure and typology of constitutionalism is given, in particular to his influence on transformation of usually and religious legal system and on the phenomenon of globalization in a law. Constitutionalism is based on national constitutional traditions, which predetermine plural forms of his display. Being the product of development of Christian-Judaic civilization, the structural elements of constitutionalism gradually implemented in religiously traditional laws and order. It is predefined the unique nature of constitutionalization of any society, integration of which is provided by achieving a public consensus in relation to base social values which make its basis. By such base positions, which are today acknowledged in quality universal: human dignity, balance of private and public interests, equality, justice, equity, solidarism, rule of law. Essence is reflected constitutional values as to the result of public consensus in relation to constitutional defense of the certain social goods, which predetermine maintenance and structure of constitutional principles and norms, logic and direction of development of the constitutional phenomenon and processes. The three-links structure of constitutional values is resulted: universal, attributive and institutional. Their analysis is given through the prism of constitutional doctrine, jurisprudence and legislation. A constitution mortgages fundamental principles of the national legal system and determines main directions of its development. That is why a constitutional right can be presented rather as a system of fundamental principles of national law. At the same time a constitutional law – it also the aggregate of norms which have concrete character and based directly on positions of constitution. In this relation a constitution determines the mechanism of parcel of land plenary powers of organs of public power, to which in the system of representative democracy these prerogatives are delegated people for the sake of providing of law and order and achievement publicly of meaningful aims (defense of basic rights and freedoms, safety of individual, development of national culture and cultures of national minorities and others like that). Nature of constitution is exposed through the prism of its legal force in the national legal system, which determines the general parameters of development of public and private law, owns a horizontal effect in a private and social right, provides constitutionalization of international law and legitimating of transmission of part of sovereign powers of the state on the supranational level of public power. Mechanism of action of constitution as system of legal facilities of constituent power, its realization, interpretation and legal defense defined. A legal force of constitution is the integrate index of display of its normative nature and dynamics of constitutional legal relationships. A 47 constitution mortgages fundamental principles of the national legal system and determines main directions of its development. Action of constitution and constitutional norms predefined sentinels, spatial scopes, and also practical activity of people in the state organized society. There is continuity of the constitutional phenomena and processes in the sentinel measuring, a certain «constitutional inheritance» as aggregate of constitutional norms and procedures accumulates as a result. In a spatial plan there is a variety of constitutional order, which are predefined above all things the features of certain legal system and constitutional tradition, and necessities of adjusting of co-operation between them, in particular by creation of supranational institutes. Сonstitutional tradition Ukraine at the present stage of development of constitutionalism has a transitional character on based of the analysis of the rich theoretical and empirical material is concluded. The constitutional tradition in Ukraine has a specific character, since it is characterized as continuity and discontinuity. The continuity of constitutional tradition in Ukraine is that the basis of most constitutional acts laid (which is typical in general and the current Constitution of Ukraine) idea of respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms, parliamentary, executive functioning, based on arbitrary functions of head of state, the implementation of effective model of local government. Discontinuity of Ukrainian constitutionalism is manifested in the fact that not all constitutional acts were put in place through complex geopolitical, social, domestic factors. The source also discongtinuity is weakness constitutional traditions of governance in an independent state, which now also contains potential threats and challenges posed by the need to integrate Ukraine into supranational power. Key words: constitution, constitutional tradition, constitutionalism, mechanism of legal force of constitution, nature of constitution, rule of law.
Type: Text
Publication type: Автореферат
Appears in Collections:Наукові публікації кафедри адміністративного, фінансового та інформаційного права

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